92nd ARMORED FIELD ARTILLERY
                 

BATTALION HISTORY
KOREA 1950-54
RED DEVILS
On 12 August 1950, the 92nd AFA Bn left San Francisco for Korea on
the USNS Marine Adder. The battalion was under strength upon
arrival in Japan, and 200 ROK soldiers joined the Red Devil Bn. By
January 1954, only ten of the original 200 were remaining with the
battalion.
               See Article "Side By Side In Korea"
                      (use your browser BACK button to return here)

The men of the battalion soon learned they would take part in the
Inchon invasion. The Marines would go ashore first to be followed by
the 7th Infantry Division. (the 92nd was attached to the 7th ID) along
with numerous miscellaneous units. The Red Devil Bn landed at Inchon
on September 20th 1950. Five days later, at Suwon airfield, Baker
Battery fired the battalions first round in Korea. The 92nd, which was
never in reserve in Korea, was to see over a thousand days of combat in
the months ahead.
The combination of the Inchon end run by the Marines and the push
north by the Eight Army proved to be a success with both forces
conducting a successful link up. On October 10th , after the battalions
mission of aiding in the success of the Inchon landing was over, the
Red Devils marched 310 miles to Pusan for necessary repairs. Then on
November 5, 1950, the battalion took part in a second invasion, this
time at Iwon on the East coast of Korea, north of the Hungham
beachhead. The purpose of this landing was to close the vise on the
communist North Korean forces.

On October 25th 1950 Chinese Communist Forces cross the Yalu River
into North Korea and make their entrance into the fighting with a major
breakthrough on the right flank of the Eighth Army. They drove the
Allies back on all fronts presenting a wedge between the Eighth Army
and the X Corps. This unexpected Chinese offensive was a
psychological setback to the men of the battalion for they had to
change their attitude of Home For Christmas to that of facing a
numerically superior enemy in the bitterly cold mountainous regions of
North Korea.

Soon the Red Devils were given an important mission to perform. U.S.
Marine and Army units were trapped by the enemy at Chosin Reservoir
and the 92nd AFA was to help hold the area open until the surrounded
forces were withdrawn and had totally disengaged. The Red Devils
performance was a major factor in saving the encircled forces. The skill of projected fire support was credited by the Marines as instrumental in
countless publications and historic representations of the battle.

In January 1951, the 92nd and other U.N. units had ceased to be a
withdrawing force and begun a new initiative in pushing northward. By
March, the Red Devils were well seasoned in the realities of combat
and the loss of fellow soldiers. The unit was confident and better
prepared for the arduous tasks that awaited them.

Readiness and combat preparedness of the battalion was proven on the
morning of April 24, 1951 when "A" and "C"  Batteries were attacked by a company size element of Chinese regulars.

See U.S. Army Document written about the 92nd AFA BN on 24 April 1951 entitled "Artillery In Perimeter Defense"
                   (use your browser BACK button to return here)

The enemy charged the battery positions in human waves with each
communist soldier having a extra full combat load of grenades to thrust
into our ammo trucks, gas tanks, and key installations. The attacking
forces were provided with heavy support consisting of mortar and
automatic weapons fire. A plan based upon faith in one anothers
capabilities, and in their weapons had become a habit in the Red Devils.
Enemy machine guns were destroyed by direct fire from the Howitzers.
Our own support weapons laid massive automatic weapons fire and
mowed the communists down as they made human wave attacks. On
that fateful day the Red Devil battalion lost  only four men killed and
eleven wounded while the communist losses were set at 175-200 killed
or wounded.
The Red Devils prevailed in the strength of each individual soldier and
his personal integrity and commitment to the battle and to fellow
soldiers. In all, the terror of the battle forged a unit of steel which
bonded each together instilling the strength to get the job done. This
crucial event and its lessons learned would prove critical in the up
coming battles that awaited the Red Devils.

There was a dramatic reduction in activity once the truce talks began in
mid-1951. Occasional rounds were received in various batteries but
fortunately casualties were low and each Red Devil killed or wounded
were greatly missed .

                                 CONTINUED ON PAGE 2